Urinary Tract Infection

The urinary tract highlighted in the human body

Urinary tract infections, or "UTIs", are infections that affect the bladder and/or the kidneys.


  • Burning when you urinate
  • Needing to urinate frequently
  • Blood in the urine
  • Fever or feeling unwell
  • Back pain
  • Nausea or vomiting


  • Start with contacting your family doctor or walk in clinic. They may order urine tests and will initiate treatment.


  • Most urinary tract infections are treated with antibiotic medications. Bladder infections are typically treated for 3-7 days, depending on your medical history. Kidney infections may require hospitalization or intravenous antibiotics.


  • Drink more fluid, especially water! (Your urine should be clear like water coming out of the tap)
  • Urinate every 2-3 hours, even before you feel like you have to go
  • Ensure you are having a bowel movement daily
  • Urinate after sex
  • Vaginal estrogen for women who have gone through menopause

Management Strategies:

  • Cranberry Supplement: extract, tablets
    • Note: Juice, such as Ocean Spray, does not contain enough cranberry extract to be efficacious. Juice can also be an irritant to the bladder due to the acidity and sugar content.
  • D-Mannose
    • Available in health food stores and online
    • May reduce the risk of recurrent urinary tract infections
  • Postcoital Antibiotics
    • Appropriate for use in healthy women, when their urinary tract infections are temporally related to intercourse

We typically do NOT recommend continuous antibiotic prophylaxis for the following reasons:

  • Numerous studies demonstrate that after discontinuing antibiotics prophylaxis, the incidence of infections returns to baseline
  • There are possible long term side effects to antibiotic use
  • Risk of antibiotic resistance in patients using long term antibiotics

We recommend that patients work on conservative and other preventative strategies, prior to considering a trial of continuous antibiotic prophylaxis.

More Information:

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