Screening (Trans-Urethral Resection of a Bladder Tumour (TURBT))
A TURBT (Trans-Urethral Resection of a Bladder Tumour) is when an instrument inserted through the patient’s urethra is used to cut and remove the tumour tissue. The tumour tissue is then examined to determine the grade and stage of the bladder cancer. A TURBT is generally an outpatient procedure and should not require an extended stay in the hospital.
Surgery (Radical Cystectomy)
A radical cystectomy is a surgical procedure in which the bladder is removed due to bladder cancer. In men not only is the bladder removed, but also the prostate, seminal vesicles, and surrounding lymph nodes. Women who undergo radical cystectomy’s will frequently have their ovaries, cervix, fallopian tube, part of the vagina and surrounding lymph nodes all removed during the cystectomy. After a radical cystectomy a urinary diversion will be needed so there is a place for urine to be stored because the bladder is removed.