A Partial nephrectomy is a surgical operation to remove part of a kidney due to kidney cancer or kidney disease. Only the infected area of the kidney will be removed.
A radical nephrectomy is the complete removal of a kidney due to kidney cancer or kidney disease. Along with the kidney the ureter (the tube which connects the kidney to the bladder) and the adrenal gland are also removed.
Shock Wave Lithotripsy
Shock Wave Lithotripsy (SWL) is a treatment used to break down kidney stones in the kidneys without having to enter any surgical procedures. The shock waves are sent through your body until they reach the kidney stones which cause the kidney stones to break into smaller pieces allowing them to easily pass. SWL is not always successful and will not work if the stones are too large or too hard and if the patient is overweight due to the fact the shock waves won’t be able to reach the stones.
A ureteroscopy is a procedure in which a scope is inserted up into the ureter and the doctor finds the kidney stone that is causing problems. The doctor then inserts a rod and is able to help remove the kidney stone. A ureteroscopy is a relatively short outpatient procedure.
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL)
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a surgical procedure performed to remove larger kidney stones that cannot be treated through other methods. Through a small incision the doctor locates the large stones and is able to break them up into smaller fragments so that they may pass easily.